Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

We sometimes assume that bleeding gums are the result of aggressive brushing and flossing. But healthy gums shouldn’t bleed very easily. So, if you have noticed blood in the sink after brushing your teeth, it might be caused by an underlying health condition. 

At Alencar Family Dentistry, we could perform a thorough exam and determine whether the gums are bleeding due to simple irritation or a more significant health reason. 

What Causes Bleeding Gums

Here are some of the most common reasons why your gums are bleeding:

  • Brushing Too Hard

Your gums may get affected if you are brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush for your gums. Most people are under the impression that the harder they brush, the cleaner their teeth will be. By doing so, you may be removing the bacteria from your teeth and gum line, but you are also causing damage to the gums leading to pain and bleeding. So, try to go easy with your brushing and use a toothbrush with softer bristles. 

  • Flossing

Flossing is an excellent oral hygiene practice for keeping the teeth, gums, and mouth healthy. If your gums get used to the flossing, the less likely they will bleed. While you may see blood at first, it should stop after a few days of flossing. Moreover, flossing is a great way to clear up gingivitis and restore oral health.

  • Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the beginning stage of gum disease and one of the most common reasons for bleeding gums. This disease causes your gum to bleed through the accumulation of plaque and bacteria, resulting in swelling and infection. If gingivitis is ignored, it could progress to more advanced stages of gum disease and tooth loss. Practice good brushing and flossing habits to avoid gingivitis.

  • Medications

Certain medications thin your blood, making it easier for you to bleed. If you have noticed that your gums have started to bleed around the same time you started a new medication, it could be because of the new drug. Talk to your doctor and find out how this could be stopped.

  • Pregnancy

Many women have bleeding gums when they are pregnant. Because of the hormonal changes associated with being an expectant mother, you may be more vulnerable to developing gingivitis. You should make sure to visit your dentist during pregnancy. 

How to Prevent Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums can be prevented with frequent brushing, flossing, and regular check-ups with your dentist. Here are some additional tips for maintaining your gums.

  • Avoid taking snacks between meals. 
  • Brush more frequently throughout the day.
  • Rinse with salt water at least once a day.
  • Brush gently with a soft toothbrush.
  • Limit sugary foods or drinks.
  • Stop smoking or chewing tobacco.

Dr. Jayme Alencar Oliveira at Alencar Family Dentistry can help provide solutions that could improve your oral health while transforming your smile. Call us today at (757) 546-0301 to schedule your dental consultation and know more about oral hygiene.


711 Greenbrier Pkwy Suite 101, Chesapeake, VA 23320

Office Hours

MON - FRI 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

SAT - SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: joliveira@alencarfamilydentistry.com

Phone: (757) 546-0301

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